Passive form


Simple tenses: to transform simple tenses in the passive form, use linking verb + past participle.

Simple present
Active: Ben swims five laps every morning.
Passive: Five laps are swum by Ben every morning.

Simple past
Active: Ben swam five laps yesterday morning.
Passive: Five laps were swum by Ben yesterday morning.

Simple future
Active: Ben will swim five laps tomorrow morning.
Passive: Five laps will be swum by Ben tomorrow morning.

Continuous tenses: to transform continuous tenses into the passive form, use verb + being + past participle.

Present continuous
Active: Kathryn is designing the brochure.
Passive: The brochure is being designed by Kathryn.

Past continuous
Active: Kathryn was designing the brochure when her boss sent new instructions.
Passive: The brochure was being designed by Kathryn when her boss sent new instructions.

Future continuous
Active: Kathryn will be designing the brochure until Ben comes to help her.
Passive: The brochure will be being designed by Kathryn until Ben comes to help her.

Perfect tenses: to transform perfect tenses into the passive form, use have verb + been + past participle.

Present perfect
Active: Jeff has invited Rita to the company dinner.
Passive: Rita has been invited by Jeff to the company dinner.

Past perfect
Active: Jeff had invited Rita to the company dinner.
Passive: Rita had been invited by Jeff to the company dinner.

Future perfect
Active: By tomorrow, Jeff will have invited Rita to the company dinner.
Passive: By tomorrow, Rita will have been invited by Jeff to the company dinner.

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